Women health

What causes an ectopic pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy, also known as a tubal pregnancy, happens when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, typically in the fallopian tube. Rapid medical attention is required since the pregnant woman may be in a life-threatening scenario as a result. While it cannot always be prevented, the likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy can be reduced in a variety of ways.

What exactly is an ectopic pregnancy?

When an egg is fertilized, it travels via the fallopian tube and into the uterus, where it implants and grows into a baby. Ectopic conceptions, on the other hand, take place when the fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube. Ectopic pregnancy, a serious but uncommon condition, occurs in one to two percent of pregnancies. It could be fatal to the expectant mother and call for immediate medical attention.

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Ectopic pregnancy signs and symptoms

The symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy can be mistaken for those of a typical pregnancy, including:

  • Tender breasts
  • Fatigue
  • Periods missed
  • A change in mood
  • Vomiting and nauseous

But ectopic pregnancy can also result in various signs and symptoms, like:

  • Fainting or dizziness
  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Abdominal, shoulder, or neck pain
  • Uterine bleeding

It is crucial to get medical attention if you have any of these symptoms.

Get medical help as soon as you can.

Ectopic pregnancy risk factors

Numerous elements, such as the following, can raise the risk of an ectopic pregnancy:

  • 35 years old
  • The use of cigarettes
  • Fallopian tube inflammation (salpingitis)
  • Infected womb
  • An earlier ectopic pregnancy
  • Abdominal or pelvic surgery in the past
  • Application of in vitro fertilization (IVF)

How to Prevent Ectopic Pregnancy

There are a number of steps that can be taken to lower the chance of ectopic pregnancy, even though prevention is not always achievable;

Prevent unwanted pregnancy by using birth control: Preventing unintended pregnancy is one of the best ways to avoid ectopic pregnancy. Birth control is available in a variety of forms, including oral contraceptives, injectable contraceptives, and long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), including the IUD (intrauterine device) and the implant.

Getting treated for STIs is important because some STIs can cause inflammation of the fallopian tube, which can increase the risk of an ectopic pregnancy. It is critical to get tested for STIs and to get treated for them, in order to reduce the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.

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Quit smoking: Smoking destroys the fallopian tubes and raises the risk of ectopic pregnancy. In addition to enhancing general reproductive health, quitting smoking can help lower the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

Avoid high-risk activities: Some behaviors, like using illegal drugs or having raunchy sexual encounters, can raise the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy. In order to lower the risk, it is crucial to avoid certain activities.

Seek medical help if you have pelvic pain: It's critical to get help right away if you're experiencing pelvic pain or any other ectopic pregnancy symptoms. With early discovery and treatment, serious effects can be averted.

The conclusion

Ectopic pregnancy is a dangerous condition that puts the life of the pregnant person in danger. Even though ectopic pregnancy cannot always be avoided, there are several steps that can be taken to lower the risk, such as using birth control, getting treated for STDs, quitting smoking, staying away from high-risk situations, and seeing a doctor if pelvic pain persists. It's crucial to be aware of the signs of ectopic pregnancy and to get help from a doctor if you have any strange prenatal symptoms.

In order to make sure that your pregnancy is developing appropriately, it's also crucial to schedule routine checkups with your healthcare practitioner. As a result, possible problems can be identified early and treated quickly.

Despite the rarity of ectopic pregnancy, it is crucial to be aware of the risks and take precautions to lower them. You can contribute to a healthy pregnancy for both you and your unborn child by following these preventative measures and getting medical treatment when required.

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Maintain your healthy habits as much as you can.

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  • How does an ectopic pregnancy resolve itself?
  • Is an ectopic pregnancy considered an abortion?
  • How to terminate ectopic pregnancy early
  • Is an ectopic pregnancy considered a miscarriage?
  • Can you have a period with an ectopic pregnancy?
  • Ectopic pregnancy symptoms


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