Women health

What size of ovarian cyst is dangerous?

There are several ovarian cysts. They usually represent merely an ovulation sign, usually undetectable and painless. In some circumstances, they can indicate a deeper problem and may need to be removed.

The components of the female reproductive system are the ovaries. The ovaries are two and are situated in the lower abdomen, on either side of the uterus. The hormones progesterone and estrogen are also produced by the ovaries along with eggs.

Continue reading to find out more about ovarian cysts kinds, their causes, when they might require treatment, how to avoid them, and other related information.

The words "male" and "female"

Unless quoted from sources using nonspecific terminology. In this article, we use "male and female" to refer to someone's sex as determined by their chromosomes and "men and women" to refer to their gender.

Gender is a sociological construct that can change depending on the era and culture, whereas chromosomes determine sex. According to historical evidence as well as current scientific opinion, each of these qualities falls into a range.

ALSO READ: Health Effects of female genital mutilations

What kinds of ovarian cysts are present?

There are several types of ovarian cysts, including dermoid cysts and endometriomas (commonly known as chocolate cysts).

Cysts filled with fluid that develop throughout the menstrual cycle are the most typical variety, though.

These are corpus luteum cysts and follicular cysts.

Follicular cysts

A follicular sac is where an egg develops throughout the menstrual cycle. Within the ovaries is where this sac is found.

The follicle usually ruptures and releases an egg. The fluid inside the follicle can develop into a cyst on the ovary if it doesn't rupture.

A corpus luteum cyst

After an egg is discharged, a benign tissue called the corpus luteum develops in the ovary. The release of pregnancy-related hormones is part of its function. If a pregnancy doesn't begin, it will disintegrate after a few days.

It might not disintegrate in some situations. Instead, more fluid gathers inside of it, developing into a cyst.

Other types

The following are examples of ovarian cysts that don't develop during a typical menstrual cycle:

  • Dermoid cysts: These sac-like growths on the ovaries may hold tissue such as hair, fat, or other substances.
  • Endometriomas: It is possible for uterine tissues to develop outside of the uterus and adhere to the ovaries. People who have severe endometriosis may experience these, commonly known as chocolate cysts.
  • Cystadenomas: On the outside of the ovaries, these growths can form.

In certain patients, a disorder known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) causes the ovaries to grow numerous tiny cysts. Ovaries can expand as a result of PCOS. Polycystic ovaries can cause infertility 

ALSO READ: What Causes Slow Urine Flow In Females?

What does having an ovarian cyst look like?

Ovarian cysts frequently have no symptoms. However, if the cyst develops, symptoms may manifest. Some signs could be:

  • Bloating or swelling in the abdomen
  • Bowel movements that hurt
  • Before or during the menstrual cycle, pelvic pain
  • Unpleasant interactions
  • Ache in the thighs or lower back
  • Breast sensitivity
  • Nauseous and dizzy neglected.

How can you tell if an ovarian cyst has ruptured?

Serious symptoms may point to an ovarian torsion or a burst cyst. These incorporate:

  • Pelvic discomfort that is severe or acute
  • Fever
  • Feeling lightheaded or dizzy
  • Breathing more quickly

Although both problems are uncommon, if they are not promptly treated, they may have serious effects.

An ovarian cyst diagnosis

During a standard pelvic examination, a doctor may find an ovarian cyst. An ultrasound may be requested if they discover enlargement on one of your ovaries to confirm the presence of a cyst.

Using high-frequency sound waves, an ultrasound is an imaging technique that creates a picture of your interior organs. The size, location, shape, and makeup of a cyst—whether it is solid or filled with fluid—can all be determined using ultrasound examinations.

ALSO READ: Foods to Avoid When Trying To Get Pregnant

Ovarian cysts may also be identified using the following imaging methods:

  • CT scan: Internal organ cross-sectional images are produced via a CT scan using a body imaging system.
  • MRI: A magnetic field is used in an MRI to create detailed images of the interior organs.

The doctor might not immediately suggest a course of treatment because most cysts resolve within a few weeks or months.

To check on your status, they may perform the ultrasound examination once more in a few weeks or months. In some circumstances, no further monitoring will be required, particularly if you previously had a follicular cyst or corpus luteum cyst.

The doctor can ask for additional testing to find other potential reasons for your symptoms if your condition doesn't improve or the cyst grows in size.

Tests for hormone levels or pregnancy may be among them. The hormone level test aids in detecting problems with hormones, such as having too much progesterone or estrogen.

Treatment options for ovarian cysts

Most benign ovarian cysts naturally disappear on their own without the need for treatment. Little to no symptoms are brought on by these cysts. You can relieve whatever symptoms you do have using natural therapies like heat therapy.

Accordingly, the sort of treatment required, if any, will depend on the cyst's nature. Surgical removal is typically required for some bigger cysts, endometriomas, or malignant cysts.

Surgery options include:

  • Laparoscopy: A laparoscopy is a procedure in which a doctor enters your abdomen through a series of tiny incisions near your navel to remove the cyst.
  • Laparotomy: Through a significant abdominal incision, a doctor can surgically remove the cyst during this operation. It is referred to as a laparotomy. If they are concerned about cancer, they can then do a biopsy.

ALSO READ: How to Get Rid of Urinary Tract Infections

Ovarian cyst complications

A malignant cystic ovarian mass may occasionally be found by a doctor while doing a regular exam.

Another infrequent consequence of ovarian cysts is ovarian torsion. It happens when a large cyst force an ovary to twist or shift from its initial position. The ovary's blood supply is interrupted. Ovarian tissue may become damaged or even die from ovarian torsion if it is left untreated.

Rarely do ruptured cysts result in severe pain and internal bleeding. If untreated, this consequence can be fatal and raises your risk of contracting an infection.

Preventing ovarian cysts

An oral contraceptive pill can stop ovulation and stop the growth of new cysts if you have ovarian cysts that keep coming back.

Additionally helping to lower your risk of developing ovarian cancer are oral contraceptives. In postmenopausal women, the risk of ovarian cancer is greater.

Additionally, in a study on rats, scientists discovered that combining supplements of the anti-oxidant resveratrol with the diabetes drug metformin may promote a healthy weight and hormone level, as well as an ideal follicular cell structure within the ovaries. In doing so, cyst formation might be avoided.

A doctor can find ovarian cysts early by performing routine Gynecologica Call your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Alterations in your menstrual cycle
  • Continuous pelvic pain
  • Appetite loss
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Abdominal fullness

Rarely can benign ovarian cysts turn malignant. On the other hand, ovarian cancer symptoms can resemble those of an ovarian cyst. Consequently, it's crucial to see a doctor and get the right diagnosis. 

ALSO READ: How Do You Know If a Female Has HIV SYMPTOMS?

Outlook for the foreseeable future

People with ovarian cysts who are premenopausal have a positive perspective. Within a few months, most cysts dissolve. Recurring ovarian cysts, however, can also occur in premenopausal women and those with hormonal imbalances such as PCOS.

Certain cysts might lower fertility if left untreated. What kind of cyst is truly determined this? In contrast to endometriomas, which can be harmful to fertility, ovarian cysts signify regular menstrual cycles. Dermoid cysts may hurt during sexual activity and make it more painful, which may interfere with conception.

A doctor can eliminate or reduce the cyst to increase fertility. Laparoscopic excision of certain cyst forms, however, may potentially have a detrimental effect on your fertility.

With ovarian cysts, a "wait and see" strategy may be suitable depending on the size and kind of the cyst.

Any cyst or tumor that appears on the ovaries after menopause may require surgery to be removed and examined. This is due to the possibility of ovarian cancer or a malignant cyst increasing after menopause. On the other hand, ovarian cysts do not raise the risk of developing ovarian cancer.

As much as you can, keep up your healthy practices.

Keep in mind that if you want to be the healthiest and fittest version of yourself, you should heed our recommendations. We provide trustworthy, current evaluations of your general health. Corporate leaders produce a range of teaching materials on numerous health-related subjects. You now lead the richest life imaginable because of the careful effort we put into your education. The latest studies, recommendations, and guidelines about sound sleep are easily accessible.



  • Ovarian cyst symptoms
  • Ovarian cyst rupture
  • Ovarian cyst pain
  • Ovarian cyst treatment
  • Causes of ovarian cyst
  • Ovarian cyst and missed period
  • Ovarian cyst and back pain

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post