Women health

 What are the types and causes of disability?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention define a disability as a physical or mental condition (impairment) that makes it harder for a person to engage in certain activities (activity limitation) and interact with their surroundings (participation limits).

Among Americans between the ages of 18 and 64, more than one in four has a disability. These individuals have considerable challenges, including:

  • Walking
  • Climbing stairs
  • Hearing
  • Seeing
  • Focusing
  • Remembering
  • Making decisions

Adults with disabilities are three times more likely than adults without disabilities to get heart disease, stroke, diabetes, or cancer.

Numerous chronic illnesses can be made less severe by aerobic exercise. Nevertheless, almost 50% of all people with disabilities don't do any aerobic exercise in their free time.

ALSO READ: What causes chronic pain in the body

1. Arthritis

A disease known as arthritis causes the body's various joints to swell, stiffen, and hurt when moved. The most frequent medical condition that makes it painful or difficult for a person to walk or climb stairs is arthritis.

The person will not be able to move the joints in cases of severe arthritis because the movement of the joints is restricted. The individual may eventually use a wheelchair to move about.

Based on the reasons that lead to joint abnormalities, there are several forms of arthritis. A certain kind of arthritis affects particular kinds of joints which include:

  •  Osteoarthritis: caused by the joints' cartilage becoming worn out over time. An autoimmune, inflammatory condition known as rheumatoid arthritis causes swelling and pain in the joints.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: People with psoriasis experience joint pain. Young children with juvenile arthritis experience joint swelling and inflammation.

2. Back pain

At some point in their lives, 8 out of 10 people experience back pain, making it one of the most common medical conditions. From a mild, aching pain to an excruciating, stabbing sensation, back pain can vary greatly. Back pain that is acute manifests suddenly and lasts for a few days to a few weeks. A backache that lasts longer than three months is referred to as chronic.

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The pain will typically subside on its own because it was not caused by anything serious. Depending on the origin, location, and type of pain, a back condition will require a certain course of treatment. Back pain can be treated in the following ways:

  • Cold or hot packs
  • Exercise
  • Medications
  • Complementary treatments like massages and physiotherapy
  • Surgery

3. An ischemic heart disease

Coronary heart disease and coronary artery disease are other names for ischaemic heart disease. Ischemic heart disease is the most common type of heart disease in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is the main reason for heart attacks.

The main contributing factor to this illness is the buildup of cholesterol particles on the artery walls that supply blood to the heart muscle. It is possible for plaques, which are deposits that form over time, to form. These plaques are caused by inflammation.

Some common anomalies or limitations noticed in patients with ischemic heart disease are breathlessness with exertion or at rest, resulting in the inability to walk for extended hours, being unable to move heavy objects, and weariness.

The alternatives for treating ischemic heart disease include medication, lifestyle changes, and surgery.

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4. Depression

One of the main factors contributing to disability worldwide is depression. A mood disease known as depression, often known as major depressive disorder, makes a person feel down or uninterested in life on a regular basis.

Most people occasionally suffer melancholy or despair. It is a normal response to loss or problems in life. Acute depression, which includes helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness sentiments, maybe more than just grieving if it lasts for several days to weeks and keeps the person from functioning in daily life.

Depressive disorders cannot be completely cured. Even while the illness won't go away, the symptoms might. A long and healthy life can be had by the patient with the right care and treatment, though.

5. Cancer

One of the major global causes of disability and death is cancer. A popular term used to describe a variety of diseases that can affect any part of the body is "cancer." Cancer is also known as malignant tumors and neoplasms.

Cancer is characterized by the rapid emergence of aberrant cells that proliferate outside of their normal boundaries and do not function normally. This process, known as metastasis, allows them to eventually spread to other organs and infect nearby body parts. Widespread metastasis is the main cause of cancer impairment.

ALSO READ: Lung Cancer Causes Symptoms Treatment and Prevention

6. Stroke

Long-term impairment or irreversible function loss is brought on by a stroke. The repercussions of a stroke vary depending on the extent of the damage and which area of the brain is affected.

Following a stroke, the following types of impairment are the most typical:

  • Decreased speech
  • Minimal physical prowess
  • Limb paralysis or weakness on one side of the body
  • Having trouble holding or gripping objects
  • Delayed communication ability
  • Following a stroke, prompt medical attention and rehabilitation can speed recovery and help many people regain their former abilities.

ALSO READ: Early sign of stroke before it happen

7. Alzheimer’s

The most frequent cause of dementia is Alzheimer's disease. A group of symptoms known as dementia are connected to a steady decline in brain function. It might be detrimental to:

  • Memory
  • Ability to reason
  • Cognitive abilities

Although the causes of Alzheimer's disease are unknown, a number of factors are thought to increase the risk of developing the condition. They comprise:

  • Age progression
  • Family history of the disease
  • Untreated depression (which is both a symptom of Alzheimer's disease and may also be its cause)
  • A disorder of the heart

Although there is no treatment for Alzheimer's, supportive care, such as medication, cognitive behavioral therapy, and emotional support from family members, may lessen some of the symptoms.

8. COPD is a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Globally, COPD is a common, preventable, and treatable chronic lung disease that affects everyone. In other cases, COPD is referred to as "emphysema" or "chronic bronchitis."

The destruction of the tiny air sacs at the end of the lungs' airways is a common definition of emphysema.

A chronic cough that produces phlegm as a result of inflamed airways is a hallmark of chronic bronchitis. Breathing issues and exhaustion are frequent complaints.

The lungs' small airways are abnormal, which limits airflow. The airway's narrowing is caused by several different things. The airway lining may become inflamed and bloated, parts of the lung may be damaged, and mucus may block the airways.

People can have both COPD and asthma, which are separate disorders with similar signs and symptoms including coughing, wheezing, and breathing difficulties.

9. Type 2 diabetes

One of the most critical public health problems in the world, diabetes mellitus has a negative impact on socioeconomic progress as well as public health. Although the prevalence of diabetes has increased recently in the majority of industrialized and developing nations, the incidence of the disease has started to drop in several of these countries.

Blood glucose levels are consistently elevated in people with diabetes mellitus, which is a chronic illness. Disabilities are brought on by anomalies in several organs, including the nervous system, kidneys, eyes, and cardiovascular system.

To prevent mortality, organ damage brought on by high glucose levels may be postponed with early detection and prompt treatment with the right drugs.

ALSO READ: Extraordinary Health Benefits of Eating Pears- For Diabetic Patients

10. Kidney problems

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has grown to be a major global public health concern in recent years. Since CKD cannot be reversed, it worsens with time, leading to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), where kidney function is lost in the majority of patients. These people frequently deal with dialysis-related issues and other limitations that prevent them from working full-time.

Dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed to extend life in severe CKD and ESRD cases. Globally, CKD affects roughly 10% of the population.

Keep up your healthy habits and try to live as long as you can.

Think about what we've said, and strive to be the healthiest, fittest version of yourself you can be. We promptly and properly evaluate your general health. Corporate leaders produce a wide range of instructional resources on numerous health-related subjects. You are currently leading the richest life imaginable as a result of the meticulous attention we dedicated to your schooling. There are numerous contemporary studies, theories, and recommendations for getting a good night's sleep available.



  • Physical disability types
  • List of disabilities and definitions
  • Causes of disability
  • Causes of disability after birth
  • The most common cause of childhood disability

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