Women health

 What are the first warning signs of stomach cancer?

The proliferation of cells that begins in the stomach is called stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer. The upper central region of the belly, directly behind the ribs, is where the stomach is located. Food is broken down and digested in the stomach.

Any area of the stomach is susceptible to stomach cancer. The majority of the world's stomach cancer cases occur in the stomach's main portion. The stomach body is the name of this area.

The gastroesophageal junction is more frequently the site of the beginning of stomach cancer in the US. Here, the stomach and the lengthy tube that transports the food that you swallow meet. The esophagus is the tube that delivers food from the mouth to the stomach.

When deciding on a course of treatment, medical professionals take into account the location of the stomach's cancerous growth. The stage of the malignancy as well as the type of cells involved may be additional considerations. Surgery is frequently used to remove stomach cancer as part of treatment. Before and after surgery, other treatments could be applied.

If the cancer is contained to the stomach alone, the prognosis for treatment is the best. Small stomach cancer patients have a fairly excellent prognosis. Many can anticipate being healed. The majority of stomach cancers are discovered after the disease has spread and a cure is less possible. It is more difficult to treat stomach cancer that has spread to other parts of the body or has grown through the stomach wall.


Among the warning signs and symptoms of stomach cancer are:

  • swallowing issues
  • stomach ache
  • after eating, feeling bloated
  • feeling satisfied after consuming a tiny amount of food
  • When you might anticipate feeling hungry, you don't
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • weight loss without effort
  • I'm pretty worn out.
  • Black-looking stools

In its initial stages, stomach cancer frequently shows no symptoms. Indigestion and soreness in the upper region of the abdomen may be symptoms when they occur. Perhaps not until the malignancy has progressed will symptoms appear. The later stages of stomach cancer may manifest with symptoms like extreme fatigue, unintentional weight loss, blood vomiting, and black stools.

Metastatic stomach cancer is a type of stomach cancer that has migrated to other organ systems. Wherever it spreads, it exhibits particular symptoms. For instance, lumps that you can feel through the skin may develop when cancer spreads to the lymph nodes. Skin and eye whites may turn yellow as a result of liver-related cancer spread. If cancer spreads inside the abdomen, The stomach could fill with fluid as a result. The stomach may appear bloated.

ALSO READ: How to Cure Breast Cancer without Surgery

When to visit the doctor

Schedule a visit with your healthcare professional if you experience any symptoms or signs that alarm you. Similar signs to those of stomach cancer can be brought on by a variety of illnesses. Before checking for stomach cancer, your doctor may perform those other tests first.


What specifically causes stomach cancer is unknown. Most stomach cancers, according to experts, begin when something damages the stomach's internal lining. Examples include having a stomach illness, experiencing acid reflux for a long time, and consuming a lot of salty foods. Despite the risk factors, not everyone who has stomach cancer does. To determine the precise cause, more investigation is therefore required.

An injury to the stomach's inner lining cells triggers the development of stomach cancer. DNA alterations occur in the cells as a result. The instructions that inform a cell what to do are stored in its DNA. The adjustments instruct the cells to proliferate quickly. When healthy cells would normally expire as a part of their natural lifecycle, the cells can continue to exist. The stomach develops a lot of additional cells as a result. A tumor can develop when the cells group together.

Stomach cancer cells are capable of invading and destroying healthy human tissue. They might begin to penetrate the stomach wall further. Over time, cancer cells have the potential to separate and invade different body regions. Metastasis is the process through which cancer cells travel to new locations inside the body.

Different types of stomach cancer

The type of cell where your cancer started determines the sort of stomach cancer you have. Some kinds of stomach cancer include:

Adenocarcinoma. Mucus-producing cells are where adenocarcinoma stomach cancer begins. This form of stomach cancer is the most prevalent. Adenocarcinoma stomach cancers account for the majority of stomach cancers that develop.

Gastritic stromal tumors. GIST begins in unique nerve cells that are present in the stomach wall and other digestive organs. Soft tissue sarcomas include GIST.

Cancerous tumors. The neuroendocrine cells are where carcinoid tumors develop. Numerous bodily locations include neuroendocrine cells. They perform a few duties performed by nerve cells as well as a few by hormone-producing cells. Among neuroendocrine tumors, carcinoid tumors are one form.

Lymphoma. Cancer of the lymph system cells is known as lymphoma. To combat pathogens, the body has an immune system. Sometimes, if the body sends immune system cells to the stomach, lymphoma can begin there. When the body is trying to fight off an illness, this could occur. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas make up the majority of lymphomas with stomach origins.

Risk factors

There are several factors that raise the risk of stomach cancer:

  1. Gastroesophageal reflux disease refers to persistent issues with stomach acid reflowing into the esophagus.
  2. consuming a lot of salty & smoked foods
  3.  diet deficient in vegetables and fruits
  4. stomach infection brought on by the Helicobacter pylori bacterium
  5. Gastritis is a condition marked by swelling and inflammation of the stomach.
  6. Polyps are growths of non-cancerous cells in the stomach.
  7. gastric cancer runs in the family
  8. Family history of genetic syndromes such as Lynch syndrome, juvenile polyposis syndrome, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, and familial adenomatous polyposis, which raise the risk of stomach cancer and other malignancies.


You can do the following things to reduce your risk of stomach cancer:

  1. Consume lots of fruits and veggies. Try to also include fruits and veggies in your diet every day. Pick a range of fruit and vegetable varieties that are vibrant in color.
  2. Eat less smoked and salty food. Limiting these meals will protect your tummy.
  3. Give up smoking. Quit smoking if you do. Stop smoking if you don't already. Smoking raises your risk of developing stomach cancer as well as several other cancers. Ask your doctor for assistance if you need it because quitting smoking can be quite difficult.
  4. In case stomach cancer runs in your family, let your doctor know. People who have a strong family history of stomach cancer may undergo screening for the disease. Before symptoms appear, stomach cancer might be found with screening testing.

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