Women health

How fast does sarcoma grow?

Despite the fact that there are over 50 different varieties of sarcoma, they can be divided into two categories: soft tissue sarcoma and bone sarcoma, often known as osteosarcoma. In 2022, the United States will see 13,190 new cases of soft tissue sarcoma and 800-900 new cases of bone sarcoma.

Sarcomas can usually be treated with surgery to remove the tumor.

Sarcoma Risk Factors

We don't know what causes sarcoma, but we do know a few things that increase your chances of getting one:

  1. Sarcoma has affected others in your family.
  2. Paget's disease is a bone ailment that you have.
  3. You have a hereditary condition called neurofibromatosis, for example. Gardner
  4. Li-Fraumeni syndrome, retinoblastoma, or syndrome
  5. You've been exposed to radiation, perhaps as a result of earlier cancer treatment.

Sarcoma Symptoms

Soft tissue sarcomas can form anywhere on your body, making them difficult to detect. A painless lump is usually the first clue. As the lump grows larger, it may press against nerves or muscles, causing discomfort, breathing difficulties, or both. There are no diagnostics available to detect these cancers before they develop symptoms.

Early signs and symptoms of osteosarcoma include:

  1. Pain in the damaged bone that comes and goes, possibly worst at night
  2. Swelling occurs weeks after the pain first appears.
  3. If the sarcoma is in your leg, you may limp.

Osteosarcoma is more common in children and young adults than in adults. Osteosarcoma may be misdiagnosed as growing pains or a sports injury in healthy, active children and teenagers since discomfort and swelling in their arms and legs are common. Consult a doctor if your child's pain persists, gets worse at night, or is limited to one arm or leg rather than both.

Adults experiencing this type of pain should seek medical attention immediately.

Diagnosing Sarcoma

If your doctor suspects you have sarcoma, you'll likely require a thorough examination and tests, including:

  1. A biopsy is a sample of cells taken from the tumor.
  2. CT scans, ultrasounds, and MRIs are examples of imaging testing.
  3. look into your own body
  4. If you think you could have osteosarcoma, do a bone scan.

Sarcoma Treatments

The type of sarcoma you have, where it is in your body, how advanced it is, and whether or not it has spread to other regions of your body (metastasized) determine how your sarcoma is treated.

The tumor is removed from your body during surgery. In most osteosarcoma cases, the doctor will be able to remove only the cancer cells and not your arm or leg.

Before surgery, radiation can reduce the tumor or destroy cancer cells that remain after surgery. If surgery isn't a possibility, it could be the primary treatment.

Chemotherapy medications can be used in conjunction with or in place of surgery. When cancer has spread, chemotherapy is frequently the first treatment.

Targeted therapies are more recent treatments that use medications or synthetic replicas of antibodies from the immune system to stop cancer cells from growing while leaving healthy cells alone.

Surviving Sarcoma

If the tumor is low-grade, which implies it won't spread to other parts of the body, most persons with soft tissue sarcomas can be healed with surgery alone. Sarcomas that are more aggressive are more difficult to treat.

If cancer has not moved outside the location where it began, the survival rate for osteosarcoma is between 60% and 75%. If all cancer can be removed by surgery, it is more likely to be cured.

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