Women health

 Male Breast Cancer

Men can get breast cancer, albeit it's uncommon. Learn about the signs and symptoms of breast cancer in males, as well as factors that could put you at risk.

Women are more likely to develop breast cancer than males, however, men can also develop breast cancer. In the United States, about 1 in every 100 cases of breast cancer is diagnosed in a man.

The most prevalent types of breast cancer in both men and women are the same

Invasive ductal carcinoma The cancer cells start in the ducts and spread outside of them to various regions of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also travel to other places of the body, which is known as metastasis.

Invasive lobular carcinoma Cancer cells start in the lobules and then travel from the lobules to nearby breast tissues. These invasive cancer cells have the potential to spread throughout the body.

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a type of breast cancer that can progress to invasive breast cancer. The cancer cells have only spread to the duct lining and have not migrated to other breast tissues.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms?

The following are the most prevalent symptoms of breast cancer in men:

  1. The presence of a lump or enlargement in the breast.
  2. Breasts with redness or dry skin.
  3. Dimpling or irritation of the breast skin.
  4. The discharge of a nipple.
  5. Nipple pulling in or soreness in the nipple area.

These symptoms can be caused by a variety of diseases other than cancer. Consult your doctor right away if you notice any symptoms or changes.

What Are the Potential Risks?

A man's risk of breast cancer might be increased by a number of circumstances. Having risk factors for breast cancer does not guarantee that you will develop the disease.

Growing elderly. Breast cancer risk rises as people get older. The majority of breast cancers are discovered after the age of 50.

Mutations in the DNA. Breast cancer risk is increased by inherited abnormalities (mutations) in particular genes, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2.

Breast cancer runs in the family. If a close relative has had breast cancer, a man's risk of breast cancer is increased.

Radiation therapy. Men who have had chest radiation therapy are more likely to get breast cancer.

Hormone therapy. Men's breast cancer risk is increased by estrogen-containing drugs, which were previously used to treat prostate cancer. Estrogen is a hormone that helps establish and retain female sex characteristics.

Klinefelter syndrome. An additional X chromosome in a guy is known as an external icon, which is a rare genetic abnormality. This can cause the body to produce more estrogen while producing fewer androgens (hormones that help develop and maintain male sex characteristics).

The testicles are affected by a number of conditions. Injury to the testicles, swelling in them, or surgery to remove them can all raise the risk of breast cancer.

The disease of the liver. In men, cirrhosis (liver scarring) can diminish androgen levels while raising estrogen levels, increasing the risk of breast cancer.

Obesity and being overweight. Overweight or obese older men have a higher chance of developing breast cancer than men of normal weight.

Is There Anything I Can Do to Lower My Risk?

Share this information with your doctor if numerous members of your family have had breast or ovarian cancer, or if one of your relatives has a known BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. You may be referred to a genetic counselor by your doctor. BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations can raise the risk of breast cancer, high-grade prostate cancer, and pancreatic cancer in men.

If you have a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation, your doctor will explain what you should do to detect cancer early if it develops.

By maintaining a healthy weight and exercising on a regular basis, all men can reduce their risk.

What Is the Treatment for Breast Cancer?

Treatment for breast cancer in men, like it is in women, is determined by the size of the tumor and how far it has spread. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy are all options for treatment.

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