Women health

how to avoid a heart attack at the young age

Heart attacks, cardiac arrest, as well as other cardiovascular disorders have long been a serious public health concern, but it is only recently that a rising number of cardiovascular problems in the younger population has been detected and recorded. While doctors and medical professionals have yet to find convincing solutions to such events, they have identified a few aspects that may be contributing to them.

What is a heart attack, exactly?

According to Dr. Sudhir Pillai, a consultant in cardiology at P.D Hinduja Hospital in Mahim, Mumbai, a heart attack or myocardial infarction occurs when a blockage or blood clot forms within the arteries, blocking blood flow to the heart.

The coronary arteries can narrow and cause a heart attack if blood flow to the heart is unexpectedly restricted due to plaque formation, which is caused by fatty deposits, including cholesterol. However, because most heart attacks are deadly, they require prompt medical attention.

What causes heart attacks in youngsters?

Cardiovascular disorders have existed since the beginning of mankind. It's not something that's just been diagnosed or found; it's been doing havoc for quite some time. Heart disorders, however, have discovered a way to harm the younger population as well, straying from their usual pattern of targeting the elderly and those with pre-existing heart ailments. This has sparked worry and prompted questions about the science underlying it.

Even though there is no specific age at which you are more likely to have a heart attack, your lifestyle choices, nutrition plans, gym routines, and stress management can all affect your chances.

According to doctors, these are the reasons:

According to Dr. Vanita Arora, Senior Consultant, Cardiac Electrophysiologist, and Interventional Cardiologist at Apollo Hospitals in New Delhi, "These days, young individuals do not have regular heart checks. People begin going to the gym without first getting a pre-cardiac checkup, and then undertake weight training, which increases the thickness of the heart, treadmill workouts, and cross-training. Some even take substances that are harmful to the heart and cause arrhythmia."

According to Dr. Pillai, "Because of increasing cholesterol or other genetic variables, people in their twenties gradually begin to develop minor blockages. When a person is confronted with an acutely stressful event, engages in significant physical exertion without preparation, or is subjected to severe biological stressors such as infection, the exertion on the heart causes clots to form near existing blockages, leading to clots and possibly a heart attack."

"While an increase in heart disease has been a prominent and observable trend over the last decade, the increase in instances last year is more worrying," Dr. Pillai says. "Most healthcare specialists recognize this rise as a direct result of Covid-19 because the condition has such a negative impact on the patient's blood vessels," he says.

Is it enough to exercise and eat well? Is there a role for hereditary factors?

There is little doubt that leading a healthy lifestyle will help prevent cardiovascular disease as well as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and hyperglycemia, among other chronic disorders. Exercise and a well-balanced diet are both important in preventing sickness. However, there is more to it than meets the eye, especially with the increasing number of young cardiac patients who are more conscious and knowledgeable.

According to Dr. Pillai, a significant portion of the Indian population is genetically predisposed to these issues, which can lead to cardiovascular disease.

"This hereditary transmission of cardiovascular disease is most usually reported to be transmitted primarily through the father's side rather than the mother's," he explains.

He also adds that this genetic transmission affects the younger generation 5-10 years before it affects their parents in the preceding generation. There isn't much that can be done once a genetic pattern has been established to totally avoid cardiovascular disease, although risk factors can be reduced.

Are mental pressures a factor?

Stress and worry are frequently associated with cardiovascular disease.

According to studies, elevated cortisol levels caused by long-term stress can make a person more susceptible to high blood cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, and hypertension. According to specialists, these are common heart disease risk factors.

Dr. Arora claims that "Young people are under a lot of stress, including performance-related stress, urbanization-related stress, and lifestyle-related stress, all of which can contribute to smoking, drinking, and bad food habits and patterns. This puts a strain on the heart, which can lead to a heart attack, cardiac arrest, or arrhythmia."

Preventative measures

"It's better to prevent than to cure," says. Greetings, Dr. Arora.

"The most important thing is to have a heart examination. If a person has a strong family history of heart problems, a cardiologist or a cardiac electrophysiologist should be consulted."

"Changing one's sedentary lifestyle, reducing excess sugar consumption, monitoring lipids, controlling fat consumption, and quitting smoking and drinking, which all increase the risk of cardiovascular disease," Dr. Pillai advises.

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