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The Real Signs and Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASD (autism spectrum disorder) is a developmental impairment caused by brain differences. Some ASD patients have a recognized abnormality, such as a genetic disease. Other causes are unknown at this time. Scientists believe that ASD is caused by a combination of factors that work together to alter the most frequent ways people develop. There is still a lot we don't know about these reasons and how they affect persons with ASD.

There is typically nothing in the appearance of people with ASD that distinguishes them from others. They may act, talk, engage, and learn in ways that most other people do not. People with ASD have a wide range of abilities. Some persons with ASD, for example, may have outstanding speech abilities, whilst others may be nonverbal. Some persons with ASD require a great deal of assistance in their everyday life, while others can work and live with little to no assistance.

ASD appears before the age of three and can remain for the rest of a person's life; however, symptoms may improve over time. Some children exhibit ASD symptoms within the first year of life. In others, symptoms may not appear for 24 months or more. Some children with ASD gain new skills and reach developmental goals until they are 18 to 24 months old, at which point they cease developing new skills or lose the talents they previously have.

ASD now covers multiple previously identified conditions: autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger syndrome. All of these diseases are now referred to as autism spectrum disorders. Problems with social communication and engagement, as well as confined or repetitive activities or interests, have been added to the updated ASD diagnostic criteria. It is crucial to note that some persons who do not have ASD may exhibit some of these symptoms. However, for persons with ASD, these features can make life extremely difficult.

Interaction and Social Communication Skills

People with ASD may struggle with social communication and interaction skills. Examples of ASD-related social communication and social interaction characteristics include:

  1. Avoids or does not maintain eye contact
  2. By 9 months of age, he is unable to reply to his name.
  3. By 9 months of age, does not exhibit facial expressions such as happiness, sadness, anger, or surprise.
  4. By 12 months of age, he is unable to play simple interactive games such as pat-a-cake.
  5. By 12 months of age, he or she uses little or no gestures (e.g., does not wave goodbye)
  6. Does not share other people's interests (e.g., shows you an object that he or she likes by 15 months of age)
  7. By 18 months of age, does not point or look at what you point to.
  8. By the age of 24 months, does not notice when others are upset or sad.
  9. By 30 months of age, does not pretend in play (e.g., does not pretend to "feed" a doll).
  10. Has little interest in his peers.
  11. At 36 months or older have difficulty comprehending other people's sentiments or talking about one's own feelings.
  12. By the age of 60 months, he does not participate in turn-taking games.

Behaviors or interests those are restricted or repetitive

People with ASD may exhibit unique habits or interests. These activities or interests distinguish ASD from conditions described solely by difficulties with social communication and interaction.

ASD-related restricted or repetitive interests and behaviors can include:

  1. Lines up toys or other things and becomes agitated if the sequence is altered
  2. Repeats words or phrases several times (i.e., echolalia)
  3. Every time he plays with toys, he does so in the same way.
  4. Is concentrated on object portions (e.g., wheels)
  5. Minor changes irritate her.
  6. Has an excessive hobby
  7. Certain protocols must be followed.
  8. Flapping hands, rocking body, or spinning in circles
  9. Has a strange reaction to how things sound, smell, taste, appearance, or feel.
  10. Lines up toys or other things and becomes agitated if the sequence is altered Additional Characteristics

The majority of people with ASD have other traits.

 These could include:

  1. Language skills that have been delayed
  2. Movement skills that are delayed
  3. Cognitive or learning skills that are delayed
  4. Behavior that is hyperactive, impulsive, and/or inattentive
  5. Seizures are a type of epilepsy.
  6. Unusual sleeping and eating habits
  7. Gastrointestinal problems (e.g., constipation)
  8. Unusual emotional or mood swings
  9. Anxiety, tension, or over-worrying
  10. Fearlessness or more fear than expected

It should be noted that children with ASD may not exhibit all or any of the behaviors given as examples above.


Early monitoring (collecting or gathering information) and screening can detect the signs and symptoms of ASD (testing). Surveillance, also known as developmental monitoring is an ongoing process that involves actively watching a kid grow and fostering dialogues between parents and caregivers regarding a child's skills and abilities. Learn the Signs from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Act Early has created free products, such as the CDC's Milestone Tracker app, to assist parents and professionals in monitoring children's development and determining when there may be a concern and when additional screening is required.

Screening is the process by which a parent or provider completes a checklist or questionnaire developed expressly to uncover concerns that require further investigation. General developmental screening should take place at the 9-, 18-, 24-, or a 30-month well-child visit, as well as anytime a concern is expressed. Autism-specific screening should also take place during the 18-, 24-, or 30-month visits, as well as whenever a concern is voiced.

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Solution To Autism spectrum disorders: Autism diet for kids: Using Step-by-Step Guide to Nutrition, Proven to Enhance Learning and Focus for Children with Autism, ADHD, Dyslexia, & Other Neurological 

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