Causes of liver problem in humans

There are various reasons for liver disease.

Infection

Infection of the liver by parasites or viruses can result in inflammation and reduced liver function. Viruses that cause liver disease can be passed from person to person through blood or sperm, contaminated food or water, or close contact with an infected person. Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of liver infection, and they include:

  • Hepatitis (A)
  • Hepatitis (B)
  • Hepatitis (C)

The anomaly of the immune system

Your liver might be affected by autoimmune diseases, in which your immune system assaults specific sections of your body. The following are some examples of autoimmune liver diseases:

  • Hepatitis caused by autoimmunity
  • Cholangitis of the bile duct (primary biliary cholangitis)
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis

Genetics

A faulty gene passed down from one or both parents can cause a build-up of different substances in your liver, resulting in liver disease. The following are examples of genetic liver diseases:

  • Hemochromatosis
  • Wilson's disease
  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin insufficiency

Other growths, such as cancer:

Samples include:

  • Liver cancer
  • Bile pipe cancer
  • Liver adenoma

Others include:

The following are some other common causes of liver disease:

  • Abuse of alcohol for a long time
  • A fat build-up in the liver (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease)
  • Medications, both prescription and over-the-counter
  • Several herbal substances

The Risk factors

The following factors may raise your risk of liver disease:

  • Consuming a lot of alcohol
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes type 2
  • Body piercings or tattoos
  • Using shared needles to inject drugs
  • Before 1992, blood was transfused.
  • Exposure to the blood and bodily fluids of others

The Complications

Liver disease complications differ based on the cause of your liver troubles. Untreated liver disease can lead to liver failure, which is a potentially fatal condition.


 


 

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