Women health

 How to reduce swelling fast

When too much fluid is stored in the body's tissues, it causes swelling, or edema. Any area of the body is susceptible to edema. But the legs and feet are more prone to exhibit it.

Edema can be brought on by medications and pregnancy. It may also be the outcome of a condition like cirrhosis of the liver, congestive heart failure kidney disease, venous insufficiency, or kidney disease.

Edema is frequently treated with compression clothing and salt restriction in the diet. An illness must also be treated when it results in edema.


Edema symptoms consist of:

  1. tissue just beneath the skin that is swollen or puffy, especially in the legs or arms.
  2. sagging or glossy skin
  3. After being pushed for a short while, the skin develops a dimple, a condition known as pitting.
  4. expansion of the stomach region.
  5. Leg heaviness sensation

when to visit the doctor

Swelling, stretched, or glossy skin or skin that forms a dimple when touched should all be addressed by a medical professional. When you need:

  1. breathing difficulty
  2. unsteady heartbeat
  3. pain in the chest.

These symptoms of pulmonary edema, or fluid accumulation in the lungs, may be present. It may be fatal, thus prompt medical attention is required.

If you experience persistent leg pain and swelling after spending a lot of time sitting down, such as on a lengthy flight, consult your healthcare physician. These signs of a blood clot deep in the vein also referred to as deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, are particularly likely to be present if the discomfort and swelling are just on one side.


Capillaries, which are the body's minuscule blood veins, can leak fluid and cause edema. Local tissues become flooded with fluid. Swelling is brought on by the leak.

Mild cases of edema have the following root causes:

  1. overly prolonged sitting or standing still.
  2. excessive consumption of salty food
  3. having a period before.
  4. the pregnancy

Some medications may potentially cause edema as a side effect. Some of these include:

  1. medication to lower blood pressure.
  2. Anti-inflammatory drugs without a steroid component.
  3. steroid medications.
  4. Estrogens.
  5. several thiazolidinedione-based diabetes medications.
  6. Drugs are used to treat nerve pain.

Edema may occasionally be a symptom of a more severe illness. Edema can be brought on by the following conditions:

heart failure due to congestion

Both bottom chambers of the heart may stop effectively pumping blood when they suffer from congestive heart failure. Because of this, edema in the legs, ankles, and feet may develop.

Additionally, stomach enlargement from congestive heart failure is possible. Fluid accumulation in the lungs is another effect of this illness. Breathlessness may result from what is known as pulmonary edema.

a liver problem

Cirrhosis-related liver impairment can result in fluid retention around the stomach. likewise in the legs. Ascites is the medical term for this fluid collection around the stomach.

renal disease

Salt and fluid buildup in the blood might be a symptom of kidney disease. Legs and the area around the eyes are typically affected by edema associated with renal failure.

a kidney problem

Nephrotic syndrome can be brought on by injury to the kidneys' tiny, filtering blood capillaries. Reduced blood protein levels in nephrotic syndrome can cause edema.

Vein weakness or damage in your legs

The one-way valves in the leg are harmed by this disorder, also known as chronic venous insufficiency. Blood flow is maintained in one direction via one-way valves. Blood can collect in the leg veins when the valves are damaged, which results in edema.

Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT

A blood clot in one of the leg veins may cause sudden swelling in one leg and calf pain. DVT needs immediate medical attention.

Issues with the body's system for removing excess fluid from tissues

The lymphatic system may not function properly if it has been injured by surgery for cancer, for example.

significant, protracted protein deficiency

Edema can result from a chronically low protein diet.

Risk indicators

The likelihood of developing edema is increased by the following:

  1. being pregnant
  2. and taking particular prescription drugs.
  3. having a chronic ailment such as congestive heart failure, liver, or kidney
  4. disease.
  5. undergoing a lymph node-related procedure.


Edema has the following effects when untreated:

  1. an increasing amount of discomfort from swelling.
  2. walking difficulties
  3. Stiffness.
  4. irritated, stretched skin.
  5. a higher risk of infection.
  6. indentations in the tissue layers.
  7. diminished blood flow
  8. and less flexibility in joints, muscles, arteries, and veins.
  9. skin ulcers are more likely to occur.


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