Women health


what causes dizziness and weakness

The term "dizziness" is used to indicate a variety of feelings, such as feeling weak, dizzy, faint, or unstable. Vertigo is a type of dizziness where you unintentionally believe that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving.

One of the more frequent conditions that send adults to the doctor is dizziness. Your life can be profoundly impacted by frequent or ongoing dizziness. However, feeling lightheaded infrequently indicates a serious illness.

Depending on the cause and your symptoms, dizziness can be treated. Although it frequently solves the issue, it might do it again.


Dizziness can be experienced as a variety of different experiences, including some of the following:

  1. A fictitious feeling of motion or spinning (vertigo)
  2. A sense of faintness or dizziness
  3. Being unsteady or off-balance
  4. A sensation of weightlessness, wooziness, or floating

Walking, standing up, or moving your head may cause these emotions to appear or become worse. You might feel sick along with your dizziness, or it could come on suddenly or be so strong that you need to sit or lie down. The event could last just a few seconds or for several days.

when to visit the doctor

Traditionally, you should visit your doctor if you feel any persistent, sudden, severe, or protracted vertigo or dizziness.

Seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur along with sudden, severe vertigo or dizziness:

  1. An unexpectedly bad headache
  2. chest pain
  3. Having trouble breathing
  4. Arms or legs that are numb or paralyzed
  5. Fainting
  6. dual perception
  7. irregular or fast heartbeat
  8. Slurred or confused speech
  9. stumbles or has trouble walking
  10. persistent vomiting
  11. Seizures
  12. An abrupt shift in hearing
  13. numbness or weakness in the face


There are several potential reasons of dizziness, such as inner ear disturbances, motion sickness, and drug interactions. There are times when an underlying medical problem, such as poor circulation, an infection, or an injury, is to blame.

Your symptoms and triggers can give you information about potential causes of dizziness. Your other symptoms and how long the dizziness lasts all aid in determining the cause.

issues with the inner ear that produce vertigo (vertigo)

The input from all of your sensory system's components working together is what gives you a sensation of equilibrium. These comprise you:

eyes, which let you to see where and how your body is moving in space.

Sensory nerves, which communicate with the brain regarding motions and locations of the body

Sensors in the inner ear, which also serve as a back-and-forth motion detector

The unfounded sensation that your surroundings are spinning or moving is known as vertigo. When you have an inner ear issue, your brain receives messages from your inner ear that don't match the signals coming from your eyes and sensory nerves. As your brain tries to make sense of the jumble, vertigo sets in.

harmless recurrent positional vertigo (BPPV).

This disorder gives you an acute, fleeting, but deceptive, sensation of movement or spinning. A sudden shift in head movement, such as when you sit up, turn over in bed, or receive a hit to the head, sets off these episodes. The most typical cause of vertigo is BPPV.


Vestibular neuritis, a viral infection of the vestibular nerve, can result in severe, ongoing dizziness. You might have labyrinthitis if you also experience sudden hearing loss.

Meniere's disorder.

This condition causes an excessive accumulation of fluid in your inner ear. It is characterized by brief yet intense episodes of vertigo that can last for several hours. Additionally, you can encounter variable hearing loss, ringing in the ears, and the sensation of an ear plug.


Even when they are not experiencing a severe headache, those who suffer from migraines may experience vertigo or other types of dizziness. These vertigo episodes may be accompanied by headaches, light sensitivity, and noise sensitivity, and they can last anywhere from minutes to hours.

Dizziness is a result of circulatory issues

If not enough blood is being pumped to your brain, you can experience lightheadedness, faintness, or unsteadiness. Several causes are:

blood pressure decline

You may have momentary dizziness or a feeling of faintness if your systolic blood pressure, which is the higher number in your blood pressure reading, drops dramatically. When standing or sitting up too rapidly, it can happen. Orthostatic hypo tension is another name for this disorder.

blood circulation problems.

Dizziness may be brought on by diseases such cardiomyopathy, heart attacks, heart arrhythmias, and transient ischemia attacks. Additionally, a drop in blood volume could result in insufficient blood supply to your brain or inner ear.


neurological disorders. Progressive loss of balance can be a symptom of some neurological conditions, including Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis.

Medications. Certain pharmaceuticals, including anti-seizure medications, antidepressants, sedatives, and tranquilizers, can cause dizziness as a side effect. In particular, if blood pressure-lowering drugs drop your blood pressure too much, they could make you feel faint.

anxiety conditions. Some anxiety problems can make you feel faint or wobbly, which is sometimes referred to as dizziness. Panic attacks and a fear of leaving the house or being in wide-open spaces are a few of them (agoraphobia).

low levels of iron (anemia). Dizziness is just one of the indications and symptoms of anemia; other signs and symptoms include weakness, pale complexion, and weariness.

lower blood sugar (hypoglycemia). People with diabetes who use insulin are more likely to develop this illness. Sweating and nervousness may also accompany dizziness (lightheartedness).

poisoning from carbon monoxide. The "flu-like" signs and symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include headache, dizziness, weakness, upset stomach, vomiting, chest discomfort, and confusion.

Dehydration and overheating. You could have lightheartedness as a result of overheating (hypothermia) or dehydration if you exercise in hot conditions or if you don't drink enough water. Particularly if you take specific heart drugs, this is true.

danger signs

Your likelihood of feeling lightheaded could be affected by the following factors:

Age. Medical disorders that make people feel lightheaded, especially an imbalance, are more common in older people. They are also more likely to take drugs that can make you feel lightheaded.

an attack of vertigo in the past. You are more likely to become lightheaded in the future if you have previously felt lightheaded.

Common complication

Your chance of falling and hurting yourself increases if you're feeling dizzy. Driving a car or using heavy machinery while feeling queasy increases the risk of an accident. In addition, delaying treatment of a pre-existing medical problem that may be the source of your wooziness could have long-term effects.

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