Women health

List of blood test before marriage

Weddings are fun and amazing. In honor of love, fidelity, and genuine friendship, you give it your best. You should never overlook your health, both of you, while doing all of the festive preparations.

The whole state of your physical and mental health is referred to as your health status. In order to determine one's health status before getting married, it is typically advised—if not required—that one contact a doctor, have a number of checkups, and submit to pre-marriage medical testing.

1. Quick detection

Early detection is a huge benefit of pre-marriage medical exams for you. Early discovery gives the chance to receive treatment before getting married.

2. Protection and preparedness

Medical examinations before to the wedding will give you and your partner the knowledge you need to keep yourselves secure and ready in the event of infections or diseases that are discovered.

3. Facilitate decision-making

Certain health issues can make relationships difficult and have a negative impact on the wellbeing of children. In the interest of both the couple's wellness and the wellbeing of their unborn children, a pre-marriage test can assist couples in making the best and most informed decisions.

The Pre-Marital Medical Exam That Every Couple Should Undertake

Which pre-marriage medical exams should a couple take, then? The following is a list of exams that couples must take before getting married:

Tests for compatibility and blood groups:

The blood group and engage in effective top the list of pre-marriage medical examinations that all couples must do. These tests typically assist couples in maintaining knowledge of their individual blood types and compatibility for blood donation in the future. The pair is also kept informed of the risks and concerns related to rhesus disease, a disorder that causes antibodies in a pregnant woman to kill the blood cells of her fetus. This information is provided to them through blood group and compatibility testing.

Your rhesus factors would be examined as part of the blood group compatibility screening. If there is an incompatibility, you (the woman) would be administered Rh Immune Globulin to help reduce the risks of pregnancy by guaranteeing the wellbeing and safety of the fetus if you are already pregnant or planning to get pregnant.

2. Genotype Check

Because it directly influences future offspring, genotype & genotype compatibility is significant as a pre-marriage medical test. How so? The genotype of the parents determines the genotype of the offspring. Genotypes play a crucial role in the genetic structure of your body and determine whether a child will carry sickle cell trait in the future.

Because of the seriousness of sickle cell illness, doctors frequently advise against marrying people who belong to certain genotype groups in order to reduce the chance that they may have sickle cell children. They comprise the genotypes AS, AC, SS, and SC.

When to seek medical counsel was simplified by the AUN health center as follows:

  • AA + AA = AA, AA, AA, AA (Excellent)
  • AA + AS = AA, AS, AA, AS, (Good)
  • AA + SS = AS, AS, AS, AS, (Fair)
  • AA + AC = AA, AA, AA, AC. (Good)
  • AS + AS = AA, AS, AS, SS, (Very Bad)
  • AS + SS = AS, SS, SS, SS, (Very Bad)
  • AS + AC = AA, AC, AS,SS. (Bad; Advice necessary)
  • SS + SS = SS, SS, SS, SS, (Very Bad)
  • AC + SS = AS, AS, SS, SS, (Very Bad)
  • AC + AC = AA, AC, AC, SS. (Bad; Advice necessary)

3. STD Examination

It is usually advised to screen for potential STDs in couples who have had sexual activity in the past, such as but not limited to syphilis, gonorrhoea, herpes, chlamydia, bacterial vaginosis, yeast infection, to name a few. This pre-marriage medical screening typically provides early detection and treatment. Early intervention would make it possible for you both to lead a comfortable and safe sexual life after the wedding.

4. Tests for HIV-1 and HIV-11 & AIDS

HIV and AIDS can easily spread from one person to another through sexual contact or by sores or injuries brought on by the use of sharp objects that have not been sterilised, such as knives, clippers, scissors, etc. You must take tests in order to be safe. If you test positive, you must begin taking anti-retroviral drugs.

As a result, infected individuals would receive sound advice and counseling from medical specialists about how to stay safe during sex and what they should do to prepare for having children.

5. Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an infection that attacks the liver and can result in life-threatening complications or even death. Body fluids, feces, intercourse, and faecal-oral transmission are just a few of the different ways that the hepatitis virus can spread. This could happen as a result of unsafe sexual behavior and oral ingestion of feces from contaminated food or fingers.

Additionally, individuals who have history of having several sexual partners should test positive for any variation of hepatitis.

6. Fertility evaluation

When entering into a lifelong commitment like marriage, having children is complicated and vital, especially if there are existing health difficulties or even a family history of fertility issues.

For fertility, there are a few things to look at. Among these include PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), hormonal dysregulation, fibroids, cervical cancer, endometriosis in women, and sperm counts, prostate cancer, and sterility in males.


The pre-marriage medical exams that prospective spouses must undergo are not limited to the ones mentioned above. As a result, after asking you a few questions and researching your medical history, your doctor might suggest additional testing. You should make sure you get the essential and advised medical testing so you can make judgments about your health status after the wedding that are well-informed.

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