Women health

 Uncontrolled hypertension causes

According to the Centers for Disease and Prevention, one out of every three American adults has high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Although high blood pressure is so widespread, it's easy to dismiss it as unimportant. However, untreated high blood pressure might put you at risk for possibly life complications.

Here seem to be eight ways uncontrolled high blood pressure can harm your health:

1. It increases your chances of having a heart attack or stroke.

High blood pressure harms the artery walls. This makes them more likely to form plaque deposits that harden, restrict, or clog your arteries. These deposits might also result in blood clots. Blood clots can travel through your system and obstruct blood flow to your heart or brain, leading to a heart attack.

2. It increases your risk of developing heart failure.

Whenever your arteries stiffen or narrow, your heart needs to work harder to circulate your blood. This additional workload can cause your heart to become bigger and fail to provide blood to your organs.

3. You might feel pain in your chest.

Angina, or chest pain, develops when the heart does not receive the blood it requires. Angina can produce pressure, squeezing, pain, or a sense of fullness in the chest when persons with high blood pressure conduct activities like walking uphill, going upstairs, or exercising.

4. It has the potential to harm the kidneys.

Your kidneys aid in the elimination of pollutants and the regulation of many of your body's complicated activities. High blood pressure might harm the arteries surrounding your kidneys. This can impair their capacity to perform their duties and, in the worst-case scenario, result in renal failure.

5. You are more prone to eyesight difficulties.

High blood pressure may easily strain or damage the tiny blood vessels in your eyes. It can also induce optic nerve edema. Lowering your blood pressure might sometimes help you see better. However, untreated high blood pressure can result in irreversible visual loss or disability.

6. You may experience sexual dysfunction.

High blood pressure can induce female libido loss and male erectile dysfunction.

7. It increases the risk of developing peripheral artery disease.

PAD happens when the arteries in your legs, arms, stomach, or head constrict, causing pain, cramps, and exhaustion. If you have PAD, you are also more likely to have a heart attack or a stroke.

8. You are more likely to experience a hypertensive crisis.

A hypertensive crisis is a life-threatening emergency in which your blood pressure rapidly rises above 180/120. When your blood pressure becomes too high, it can damage your organs and lead to other possibly fatal consequences. Hypertensive crises symptoms are including:

  1. Vision blur or other vision issues
  2. Dizziness
  3. Lightheadedness
  4. Extensive headaches
  5. Nosebleed
  6. Breathing difficulty
  7. Pain or discomfort in the chest
  8. Anxiety or a sense that something is wrong

Taking Care of Your Heart

The same good news is that regular blood pressure monitoring can help your doctor detect high blood pressure. If it is discovered, it can be successfully treated with a combination of medicine and heart-healthy lifestyle modifications—or, in some cases, only lifestyle changes.

Small modifications in your behaviors, including such eating a lower sodium diet, taking regular exercise, keeping a healthy weight, limiting alcohol use, & quitting smoking, can reduce your blood pressure by 10-20 mmHg or more. Furthermore, if your doctor has recommended blood pressure medication, it is critical that you follow the instructions exactly.

Treating high blood pressure carefully and following your doctor's treatment guidelines can reduce your chance of significant problems and improve your overall health.

If you have uncontrolled high blood pressure or believe you may be in danger, contact your primary care doctor.


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