Women health


HIV can manifest differently in each individual. Not everyone will experience the same set of symptoms, and some may experience no symptoms for an extended period of time.

Most of the time, men and women exhibit the same HIV symptoms. However, there are a few symptoms that are specific to men.

Men's Specific Symptoms

It's worth noting that these male-specific symptoms can also be symptoms of other conditions. If you have any of these symptoms, consult your doctor.

The sex drive is low. This is an indication of hypogonadism, which occurs when your testicles do not produce enough of the sex hormone testosterone. This disease is linked to HIV.

Hypogonadism can also result in:

  1. Erectile dysfunction
  2. Depression
  3. Fatigue
  4. Infertility
  5. Less hair growing on the body and face

The penis is afflicted with sores. Open sores or ulcers on your mouth or esophagus are a common sign of HIV. They can also show up on your anus or penis. These sores frequently reoccur.

While peeing, you may experience pain or a burning sensation. This is typically a symptom of a sexually transmitted infection such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. It could indicate swelling of the prostate, a small gland located beneath the bladder. Prostatitis is the medical term for this condition. A bacterial infection can sometimes cause it.

Prostatitis can also cause the following symptoms:

  1. Ejaculation causes pain.
  2. Peeing more frequently than usual
  3. Pee that is cloudy or bloody
  4. Pain in the bladder, testicles, penis, or between the scrotum and the rectum
  5. Pain in the lower back, abdomen, or groin
  6. Breast tissue growth

If you believe you have been exposed to HIV, you should see a doctor right away. If it has been 72 hours or less, you can take a medication known as post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). You take HIV medication once or twice a day for 28 days in order to avoid contracting HIV.

It is critical to get tested for HIV. If you are infected, you can take HIV medications known as antiretroviral therapy (ART). This medication combination reduces the amount of HIV in your body. It can help your immune system stay healthy, protect you from complications, and prevent you from spreading HIV.

If you have been exposed to HIV, you should be aware of additional symptoms that are not unique to men but should be monitored.

Early HIV Signs and Symptoms

A flu-like illness can develop within 4 weeks of becoming infected. This is your body's natural reaction to being infected with HIV.

  1. It can be Fever
  2. Headache
  3. Fatigue
  4. Sore throat
  5. Skin rash
  6. Swollen lymph glands
  7. Diarrhea
  8. Aching muscles or joints
  9. Ulcers on the mouth                                                                      
  10. Night sweats last for a few days or some months.

These early flu-like symptoms do not affect everyone infected with HIV. Only about one in every three people gets them. Others may not notice any difference during this time.

This is referred to as acute or primary HIV infection by experts. It occurs when the HIV virus infects specific types of white blood cells. It replicates itself billions of times and spreads throughout the body. Because there are large amounts of the virus in your bodily fluids at this time, you have a higher chance of transmitting the virus to others.

HIV Symptoms in Later Stages 

When HIV defeats your immune system, it spreads more slowly. This is referred to as chronic or clinical latency. In many cases, you will not experience any further symptoms.

This stage can last 10 to 15 years if not treated. However, if you take ART on a regular basis, you may be able to stay in this stage for decades.


AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection. This occurs when the virus has severely harmed your immune system. Many infections, which can cause symptoms, are resistant to your body's immune system.

AIDS symptoms include:

  1. Extreme exhaustion                                     
  2. Rapid weight loss
  3. Diarrhea lasting more than a week
  4. Pneumonia
  5. Mouth sores, anus, or genital sores
  6. Fever or severe night sweats that reoccur
  7. Memory lapses

Blotches of red, brown, pink, or purple on or under the skin

If you have AIDS, your doctor will likely prescribe ART in order to keep your immune system as healthy as possible. You may also require medication to treat any infections or problems caused by your weakened immune system.



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