Prevention and control of tuberculosis



 What You Should Know About Tuberculosis Prevention

Tuberculosis, or TB may sound like a disease of the past, but it is still a serious threat today. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, as the old adage goes. To put it another way, the greatest approach to stay healthy is to avoid becoming ill in the first place.

How Does Tuberculosis Spread?

A person with the active pulmonary disease can transfer it through the air. The term "active" refers to the fact that the tuberculosis bacteria are multiplying and spreading throughout your body. You can get it if you're in close contact with someone who has it. That's why, until they're no longer infectious, doctors urge persons with active tuberculosis to stay at home and away from other people as much as possible.

Stopping the spread of tuberculosis

If you have active tuberculosis, you should get treatment as soon as possible. This may entail taking a variety of drugs for six to twelve months. Even if you feel better, it's critical to take all of your medications exactly as recommended. Otherwise, you risk becoming ill again.

You have "latent TB" is if you have tuberculosis bacteria in your body but they haven't become active. It is impossible to convey the sickness to others. However, your doctor may still advise you to take antibiotics to prevent the germs from becoming active.

During your first few weeks of treatment, or until your doctor declares you're no longer contagious, follow these important tips to help prevent others from contracting tuberculosis:

  1. Take all of your medications exactly as directed until your doctor tells you to stop.
  2. Maintain all of your doctor's visits.
  3. When you cough or sneeze, always use a tissue to cover your mouth. Seal
  4. Place the tissue in a plastic bag and toss it out.
  5. After coughing or sneezing, wash your hands.
  6. Don't go to other people's houses or ask them to yours.
  7. Stay at home instead of going to work, school, or any other public place.

Infants are frequently administered the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine, or BCG, in countries with a high incidence of tuberculosis infection. Because tuberculosis isn't a common disease in the United States, doctors don't usually recommend it.

Health care personnel who spend a lot of time with TB patients, on the other hand, may benefit from the vaccine, Doctors make this judgment depending on the specific circumstances of the health care professional.

To circulate fresh air, use a fan or open windows.

Don't take the bus or train.

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